Natural Capital, Environmental Impact Investing & Sustainable Development
Natural Capital is a form of capital that all other main forms of capital (human, social, manufactured and financial) are based on.
The definition of Natural Capital is the land, air, water, living organisms and all formations, functionality and interconnectedness within the Earth's biosphere that provide us with Ecosystem Goods and Services. Natural Capital (and by extension, Biodiversity and Ecosystems Goods & Services, Functionality and Interconnectedness) is imperative for the survival and well-being of all living species.
As Natural Capital is the basis for ALL biological, economic and social activity of ALL species on earth, the biggest risk to Natural Capital is, ironically, the Butterfly effect.
Ecosystem Services are the goods and services provided by ecosystems that benefit, sustain and support life on earth.
Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on earth which, when combined with functionality and interconnectedness, provide ecosystem services. Biodiversity is measured at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level.
Functionality is the intangible systems that allow ecosystem goods and services and biodiversity to function. For example , seasons, weather patterns, the global water cycle and celestial driven tides.
Interconnectedness is the multiple cross connection between biodiversity and functionality over time and space.
Butterfly Effect is an underlying principle of a branch of mathematics called Chaos Theory which describes how a very small change in initial conditions can create a significantly different outcome.
Impact Investing refers to investments made into companies, organizations, and funds with the intention of generating a measurable, beneficial social and/or environmental impact alongside a financial return. We focus purely on environmental, not social investments, therefore defining the term Environmental Impact Investing.
Sustainable Development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Greenhouse gases absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range. The primary greenhouse gasses in Earth's atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone. Excessive amounts of greenhouse gasses, especially anthropogenic produced carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide are considered harmful to life on Earth.
NASA simulations have determined that carbon levels above 350 ppm are incompatible with sustaining a planet to which life on Earth has adapted. On May 12, 2019, the Keeling Curve (which measures carbon levels) exceeded 415 ppm for the first time in recorded history.